The Slave Route in Matanzas

The Slave Route excursion was created with the aim of showing the phenomenon of the Slave Trade.
To study its causes, methods of execution, development and consequences. To assess its impact and encourage the safeguarding of some elements that bear witness to the African footprint in these lands.


he Slave Route Project was born as an initiative of Haiti and other African countries. Sponsored by UNESCO and the World Tourism Organization, it aims to coordinate and promote studies on the phenomenon of the Slave Trade.

The incorporation of Cuba to this project has the support of prestigious institutions such as the Fernando Ortiz Foundation, the Cuban Commission of UNESCO and the National Council of Cultural Heritage, the latter being the one who dedicated to guide the specialists of the Provincial Teams of Monuments the inventorization of the material evidences of buildings and sites related to the slavery process in Cuba.

The export and purchase of slaves dominated relations between Europe and sub-Saharan Africa between the sixteenth century and the first half of the nineteenth century. Slaves were not the only merchandise, but they were the most valuable.

The trade was in the hands of Portuguese, Genoese, French, Dutch, Danish and English, who through licenses, seats, contracts or contraband, introduced millions of Africans to the American Continent.

Cuba, of course, did not escape this problem. In fact, with the Slave Trade, the Colonizers solved cheap labor to boost sugar production in the country for almost four centuries. In addition, the island served as an ideal route for the flow of slaves to other Caribbean countries and the United States.

Ripped in a brutal way from their lands, men, women and children had to overcome the horrors of the meat trade and resist the separation of their people, language and customs. Hence the need not to silence the horrors of slavery so that everyone knows the implications of a Holocaust that violently shook the world.

Purpose of the project

UNESCO has decided to break the silence on the Slave Trade and Slavery. Involved all the continents that caused considerable upheaval in our modern societies.

The Slave Route project has three objectives:

– To contribute to a better understanding of its causes and modalities.
operation. Also the problems and consequences of slavery in the world. Evidence of the global transformations and cultural interactions resulting from this history.
– To contribute to a culture of peace by encouraging reflection on human rights.
Cultural pluralism, intercultural dialogue and the construction of new identities and citizenship.
– The project played an important role in the recognition of cultural diversity.
slave trade and slavery as a crime against humanity. 


The tour begins at 8:00 am and returns at 5:00 pm.