What is a Habano:
A Habano is the type of tobacco or cigar that is cultivated and manufactured entirely in Cuba.
The quality of the tobacco is based fundamentally on the quality of its leaf. There are factors such as climate, soil, the experience of farmers and cigar rollers, as well as varieties of the Cuban tobacco type.
Although in many places of the world an attempt has been made to achieve the quality of a cigar, it never becomes the same. The most predominant factor is the climate, since the Cuban territory makes the Cuban cigar an authentic product of Cuba. The position of the island located near the Tropic of Cancer, the relative humidity at 79% and the average temperature of 25 ºC, make the perfect components for a supreme quality tobacco.
Where does tobacco come from?
Tobacco is a plant whose origins are in South America. It arrives in Cuba around 2000 years before our era. The aborigines (the first inhabitants of the island) were consumers of tobacco. This product constituted a kind of medicine, as well as the companion in important ceremonies for the tribe.
When the Spaniards arrived on the island, they spread tobacco consumption around the world, beginning first in Spain and then expanding to Europe, where sansions were created for their use, which the more they were forbidden, the more they were used for medicinal purposes.
King Felipe V established on April 11, 1717 the real monopoly of tobacco that was grown in Cuba, going down in history as “Estanco del Tabaco”.
What are the main tobacco areas?
Small town located in the epicenter of the tobacco culture of Cuba, known mainly for the cultivation of layer leaves. As a tobacco district in the Vuelta Abajo area, it has its own Denomination of Origin. Here are several famous plantations: Vega El Corojo and also the Barbecue Blades. San Luis is one of the 2 tobacco districts from which leaves are selected for the Cohiba brand.
San Juan y Martínez*
Another small famous town of Vuelta Abajo * that is also Denomination of Origin. It enjoys a particular reputation for the cultivation of gut and cloak leaves. Here is located the famous plantation known as Hoyo de Monterrey. San Juan y Martínez * is the other tobacco district in which the best vegas provide leaves for the Cohiba brand.
It is the other zone located within the Pinar del Río * region. It is mainly known for the cultivation of cloves and gut casings for Short Gut Habanos. It has been called Semi Vuelta habitually in the past to the area of the tobacco region of Pinar del Río * that is not Vuelta Abajo *. However, the area used is very small: barely one percent of the total of tobacco-producing lands in the Semi Vuelta zone. It is also good soil to produce seeds that are then planted in Vuelta Abajo *. Most of the tobacco grown in the Semi Vuelta area is destined for other purposes.
1. PINAR DEL RIO*
Name of the province where the most important cultivation areas are located in the western part of Cuba, and name of the provincial capital. It also gives name to the protected tobacco region as Denomination of Origin in which several tobacco zones are included, among them are Semi Vuelta and Vuelta Abajo *, which includes tobacco districts such as San Juan and Martínez * and San Luis *.
The best land in the world to grow tobacco. Vuelta Abajo * is the main source of tobacco used in the manufacture of Habanos. In addition, it is the only area that produces all types of leaves: layer, gut and cloak. All the tobacco for gut and cloak for the Habanos de Tripa Larga comes from this privileged area. But even here, only a small area, less than a quarter, of the tobacco producing land has the status of First Vegas, a consideration that is required to be able to grow tobacco for Habanos.
Historical group of tobacco producing areas that was founded in the early seventeenth century southwest of the city of Havana and more recently also to the southeast. The Partido * region is a Denomination of Origin and specializes in the cultivation of layer sheets for Short Gut and Long Gut Tripe Habanos.
The oldest tobacco-producing region in Cuba, also protected as a Denomination of Origin. It is the source of the leaves for the Habanos brand José L. Piedra. Soil and climate have distinctive characteristics.
4. VUELTA ARRIBA*
It was in Bariay, in the easternmost part of this region, that Columbus landed in 1492 and discovered Cuban tobacco. Tobacco is still cultivated here, although not for the production of Habanos *.
Capital of Cuba. It gave its name to the most famous export product of Cuba since from the port of its bay the Habanos were historically shipped to be sent abroad. It is still the headquarters of the most famous Habanos factories.
They are named because they are the smallest sizes and are made in factories, with a leaf on the outside and a sting on the inside: Guantanemera, Belinda, Troya. They come in boxes of 10 or 20 pieces. There are the mini, the clubs that are those who follow him in size, the cigarillos.
The cohibas are the most aromatic, the most traditional. The montecristos are the strongest. The Romeo and Juliet is one of the softest cigars.
They are divided by the amount of tobacco in the box, although they can also be sold in tubes, for only one piece.
Prices of tobacco
he prices in the official shops of the mechanized cigars oscillate around 1.25 CUC x piece in the case of the Guantanamera. But a handmade tobacco, for example a Joyita (a super small tobacco) is about 4.20 CUC. The Monte Cristo can cost 29.10 CUC. The prices vary depending on the amount of cigars that the box and the vitrola have.